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更新时间  2023-03-13 00:09 阅读
本文摘要:许多时候,知道一个单词的基本意思还不够,因为在详细语境中它代表的可能是你平时不知道的比力生僻的寄义,所以,掌握熟词生意很是有须要。高中英语“熟词生义”单词学习一览表序号单 词熟 义生 义学 习 要 点1across横过; 越过1.到、在劈面(adv/prep)He lives across the street.他住在街劈面。


许多时候,知道一个单词的基本意思还不够,因为在详细语境中它代表的可能是你平时不知道的比力生僻的寄义,所以,掌握熟词生意很是有须要。高中英语“熟词生义”单词学习一览表序号单 词熟 义生 义学 习 要 点1across横过; 越过1.到、在劈面(adv/prep)He lives across the street.他住在街劈面。the house across the street 街道劈面的屋子2.宽(adv)The river is 50 meters across.河宽50米。The tree measures 50 cm across.2add增加,加起来接着说,增补说I should like to add that we are pleased with the test result.我还要增补说一下,我们对测试效果表现满足。

3address地址;住址(n)1.演说; 正式讲演an address of welcome接待词2.对...讲演或揭晓演说(vt)address a meeting向大会揭晓演说address the whole nation 向全国揭晓演说addressed me in low tones.低声与我攀谈3.称谓;用特殊的头衔称谓How shall I address you? 我应当怎样称谓您呢?Don't address me as ‘boss’.不要叫我“老板”。4.写姓名地址(vt)address the letter /envelope 在信上写地址The envelope is addressed to Jack Johnson, Esq.信封上写着杰克·约翰逊先生收。4admit认可1.准许进入This ticket admits two people to the football match.这张票可供两人入场看足球赛。

be admitted to /into Beijing University被北京大学录取2.接[容]纳;容许The cinema admits about 2000 people.这座影戏院约莫可坐 2000 人。The rules and regulations admit of no other explanation.这些规章制度不容许有其他解释。His illness admits of no delay.他的病不容拖延。

5afford担负得起用度抽得出(时间)He can't afford an hour for lunch.I can't afford three weeks away from work.我无法丢下事情三星期。6against阻挡, 逆着, 倚靠着,1.与…成对照against a dark background 与玄色配景成对照;The picture looks better against the light wall.这幅画挂在浅色的墙上显得更美。2.预防;防御against the cold 防冷against a rainy day 预防雨天We are all taking medicine against the flu.我们都在服药预防流感。

be prepared against war and natural disasters备战备荒7air空气,天空1. 揭晓(意见等)air one's views揭晓意见使通风, 使通气She aired the room by opening the window.她打开窗子使房间通风。8allow允许,准许给予;使获得allowed him £1000 for expenses给他每年1000 英镑的开销容许(of)allow of no excuse不容辩解The situations allow of no excuse.形势不容许拖延; 形势刻不容缓。思量到;体谅;顾及(for)We must allow for his youth.我们应当体谅他年轻。

酌留;预计allow 10% for inflation 允许10%的通货膨胀allow 15 minutes for delay 预留15分钟以防延误9alone单独地, 独自地[用在名词或代词之后]只有/唯有/仅仅Smith alone knew what happened.只有史女士知道发生了什么事。The key alone will open the door.只有这把钥匙能开这个门。10attend出席,到场侍候,照应,与on/ upon 连用)attend the very sick patients 照应重病人attend on / upon a very sick man处置惩罚、摒挡(+to)attend to the problem11beat一连击打,揍击败,战胜(角逐中)beat sb at the table tennis match纪律性地拍击to beat a drum 击鼓The heart beats. My pulse beats normally.我脉搏正常。

搅拌to beat eggs 打鸡蛋1.鼓(翼)The bird beat its wings.鸟扑打翅膀。12beyond超出.凌驾[表现规模,限度]1.除…以外[常用于否认句和疑问句]ask for nothing beyond peace and quiet.除平安宁静静外一无所求晚于.迟于..., 到...以后Don't stay there beyond midnight.不要过了午夜还留在那儿。在[向]...的那里,在...之外The road is beyond that hill.路在山的那一边。

Just beyond the fence.就在篱笆那里13block(大)块;(大)片;街区1. 阻塞; 堵住,阻挡(vt)The police have blocked the road.警员已封锁了门路。block out light阻挡光线trees that block the view2. 障碍物;阻塞(n)a block in the pipes 管道阻塞to put up a road block 设置路障14book书预定You'll have to book up early.The secretary has booked the manager in at the Hilton Hotel.15build制作, 修建体格;体型We’re of the same build. 我们体型相同a man of strong build体格结实的人16business商业, 买卖, 生意业务,生意,商店,商行He has a business in the town.他在城里有一家商店。

run / operate/ manage a business营业in business; on business职责;天职It's a teacher's business to make children learn.使学生学习是老师的责任。事情, 事物Mind your own business.It’s none of your business.17capital首都, 首都的1.资本;资金;资方;The Smith Company has a capital of $ 30.000.史女士公司有3万美元的资本。2.大写字母;大写的capital letters 大写字母Write your name in capitals.18charge收费,索价(vt)用度(n)主管,卖力1.指控(v /n)He was charged with stealing a car.(charge sb. with sth ; 类似 accuse sb. of sth)a charge of stealing 偷窃罪的指控2.猛冲;攻击;The boy charged into the room.男孩冲进屋里。

Suddenly the wild animal charged at us.突然那头野兽朝我们冲过来。Charge the enemy向敌人提倡冲锋3.充电、装(满), 装料charge a gun with powder用火药填满炮19coin硬币1.造币;铸币The government has decided to coin more one-yuan pieces. coin gold.铸造金币2.杜撰设计(新单词或短语)Do not coin terms that are intelligible to nobody.不要生造谁也不懂的词语。

3.coin (adj.)投币式的(操作需要一块或多块金属币的);自助式的a coin washing machine.投币洗衣机20collect.收集1.收(租, 税,帐等);募(捐)collect the electricity fee收取电费。collect taxes.收税collect (raise) money 召募资金2.领取(信件等);接走(人.物)Today it is his turn to collect the children from school in the community.今天该轮到他把孩子们从社区学校接回去。

3.使镇静;集中(思想等)The old lady tried to collect her thoughts but she was too excited."老太太力争镇定下来,可是太激动了。"Before you begin to make a speech, you should collect your thoughts and ideas.在你开始讲话之前,你应当集中你的思想和意念。collect one's emotions.镇定情绪collect oneself心平气和, 平心静气, 镇定一下21company公司,1. 陪同.朋友He kept me company.他陪同我。

in the company of在...陪同下I had no company on the journey.我在旅行中没有同伴。22contentn.内容, 容量, 目录,满足(to one's heart's content心满足足)adj.满足的,满足的, 愿意1. 使…满足或满足vt.Nothing contents her, she is always complaining.没有什么能使她满足,她总是诉苦。contented himself with one piece of cake.(他)吃了一块蛋糕很是地满足2.含量the content of silver in a ton of ore一吨矿砂中银的含量23corner角落, (街道)拐角处,把…难住;使走投无路The dog cornered the rat.狗把老鼠逼到一个角落。

24count数数, 盘算(count down倒计时)1.依靠,依赖(on)You can count on my help.你可以依赖我的资助2. 认为;视为;看作count it an honor (to do sth.) (把做某事)引以为荣3.有价值;重要;有用Every second counts.每一秒钟都很重要。You really count with me.对我来说你确实很重要25cover盖子, 封面笼罩1. 占(时间或空间)The town covers 5 square miles.小镇占地5平方英里。

2. 走完(一段旅程)I want to cover 100 miles by dark.我想在天黑之前走完100英里3. 采访(事件)cover a fire for a newspaper 为报纸采访失火的新闻4. 够付(用度)足以抵补[赔偿]These expenses are covered by the state.这些用度都由国家肩负。cover the loss弥补损失5.包罗;包罗;论及The review covered everything we learned last term.这次温习包罗上学期我们所学的全部课程。

6.看完(几多页书)cover fifty pages in 15 minutes26crazy疯狂的;精神庞杂的;蠢的着迷的;狂热的She's crazy about dancing.她热衷于跳舞。be crazy about [over]热衷于, 醉心于 ;爱上, 迷恋着增补:like crazy [mad] [口]发狂似地; 拼命地; 猛烈地They were running around like crazy.他们拚命地跑着27date日期起始于(某时期); 属于(某时期)date back to / date from男女之间的)约会;约会的工具;与…约会She is my date.她跟我有约会。have a date with sb./date with sb.28develop生长, 形成,研制,开发冲洗(胶片.相片等)develop films /photos冲洗胶卷29draw绘图吸引;拉;抽;draw a curtain across a window 把窗帘拉上draw a sword拔出刀draw water from the well从井中把水抽出来draw a lesson吸取教训draw 20dollars from the bank从银行提取20美元draw a conclusiondraw one's attention(to …)The street accident drew a big crowd.The game was drawn.角逐打成了平The teams draw.两队不分胜负。

The game ended in a draw.角逐不分胜负 (平局)30due与to 连用due to …因为;由…引起;由于1.预定到达Their plane is due in 15 minutes.预期的他们的飞机预定在15分钟后到达Your report is due tomorrow.你的陈诉应于明天交。2.(票据等)到期的,应付给的a bill due today 今天应付款的帐单When is the rent due? 房租应于何时支付。

3.应有的,应得的,正当的give due consideration to 给予应有的思量This great deal of money is due to you.这一大笔款是你应得的。31employ招聘1. 使[采.利]用employ force 使用武力Why didn't you employ the new method?你们为什么不接纳谁人新方法呢?She employs her time wisely.她善于使用时间。(employ...as把...用作)32enter进入; 加入;登录,[计]回车使进[加]入enter (oneself[sb.]) for(替...)报名到场写下或输入We entered our names in the guest book.我们在来客姓名薄上写下姓名;enter the data into the computer.把数据输入电脑33equal平等的;相等的;即是(vt)1.胜任的John is quite equal to the job of running the office.约翰很能胜任主理这个服务处的事情。

2.比得上(vt)None of us can equal her.没人比得上她。34exercise训练;磨炼(v / n)运用(权力等)(v / n)exercise one’s right 运用自己的权利exercise one’s intelligence to solve the problem。运用智慧解决问题35exploit聚敛(v)开发, 开采exploit a mine开矿to exploit the oil under the sea 开发海底石油使用(v)exploit every opportunity使用每一个时机36express表达, 表现1.快速的;快递的an express train2.快车(= express train);快递服务;快件服务the No.12 special express to Beijing开往北京的12 次特快3.快速地;用快递方式地advto sent the parcel express 包裹寄快件37fair公正的(adj.)(肤色)白皙的, (头发)金黄的(天气)晴朗的fair skin.白皙的皮肤fair hair.金发fair skies.晴朗的天空集市商品展览会;商品生意业务会village fair农村集市trade fair商品生意业务会industrial fair工业展览会adv公正地;公正老实地You must play fair.你必须公正处事。

你必须公正角逐。38figure数字, 人像;画像;图;图表人物the great figures of history 历史上的伟大人物领会, 明白We must figure out how to solve the problem.我们必须想出解决这个问题的措施。I couldn't figure out who the lady with the sunglasses was.我想不出那位戴墨镜的夫人是谁。

(figure out算出;相识)He figured the whole scheme at once.他马上就明白了整个计划。推测, 判断, 预计I figure he'll be back soon.我预计他很快会回来。

foot脚;英尺2.步行We'll foot it.我们将步行去。frequent频繁的2.与...时常来往I know him, but I don't frequent him much.我认识他, 但不常往来。

39game角逐, 游戏, 竞赛, [复]运动会猎物,野味(不行数)Lions and elephants are called big game when they are hunted.被追捕的狮和象称为大猎物。40gift赠品, 礼物,天赋, 才气He has a gift for poetry.他有做诗的天赋。

a man of many gifts 多才多艺的人41grade品级;级别;年级1.结果;分数He always got high grades in school.他在学校里总是得高分。2.分等,分级to grade the cotton 给棉花分等These apples have been graded according to size and quality.这些苹果已经根据巨细和质量分了品级。42hold拿着,握着召开,举行;使身体保持某种姿势 Hold yourself still.身体不要动。

抑制;控制to hold one's breath 屏住气容纳;装The room can hold twenty people.这屋子可容下20小我私家。How much water does the jug hold?那罐子能盛几多水?占有;占据;坚守to hold a position 坚守阵地拥有,持有(款项.土地.职位等)hold an important position at the bank.在这家银行里担任一个重要的职务。My husband and I hold conflicting opinions on this matter."对于这件事,我和丈夫的意见相左。

保持;继续"Hold the line, please."请不要挂断电话机!Do you think the good weather can hold?你认为晴天气能连续下去吗?认为,以为I hold it for certain.我以为那是确实的。We hold that no country should interfere in the internal affairs of other countries.我们认为一国不应干预干与他国的内政。hold … to be…拘留,扣留held the suspect for questioning.拘留嫌疑犯以待审讯43land陆地; 土地,(使)登陆, (使)登陆,(使)着陆;国家war between lands国与国之间的战争捕(鱼)抓住或钓上(鱼)land a big catfish.钓上一条大鲇鱼(非正式)搞到,捞到,获得,取得land a well-paid job; 找到一份收入很高的事情land a contract with a Japanese firm揽到一份与一家日本公司的条约44late迟的, 晚(期)的(adj/ adv)1.已故的前任的the late doctor已故的医生the late president前任总统the late government 上届政府his late wife 他已亡故的妻子2.新近的,最近的the late news最近的新闻the late earthquake最近的地震3.不久前.新近(adv)I saw Mr. Wang as late as yesterday.就在昨天我还瞥见过王先生。

增补:1.of late迩来feel better of late.最近感受很多多少了2.latest(late的最高级): 最后的.最近的.最新的 latest newsat (the ) latest至迟.最迟3.later (on) 以后.厥后45last最后的,最末的; 紧接前面的;刚已往的(adj)最后(的人.工具);最后,上次1.vi.连续, 延续, 维持; 耐久The festival lasted two days.节日连续了两天。This cloth lasts well. 这种布很耐穿。2.够用.使得以维持(vt)The food will last us another week.食品够我们再吃一星期。

3.最不行能的least likely or expected);最不适当的,最不合适的(the least desirable or suitable)the last person we would have suspected.我们最不行能怀疑的人the last man for the job.对这项事情最不合适的人46lead向导,引导,铅1.通往(向)(to)The path leads to the village.这条小路通到那乡村。1. 导致(to)lead to the thief being caught2. 在角逐中)领先After the first half of the race I was leading.跑了一半赛程后我领先了She was in the lead during the race.她在赛跑中领先。3. 过(生活)He led a hard life.他的日子过得很苦。

4. 模范,带头take the lead in everything47leave脱离, 动身;留下,把…(落)遗忘在某地;把…交付(委托)给1.使…处于某种状态leave the work undone丢下事情不干leave him an orphan 使他成为孤儿leave him sad 使他伤心leave the raincoat hanging behind the door 让雨衣挂在门后leave sb.in the dark 不让某人知道2.听任leave him there让他呆在那里吧。leave it as it is让它保持原样。I will leave you to do as you like.你爱做什么就做什么。

3.准[休]假, 假期(不行数)ask for leave请假ask for two days’ leave(take two days off)请两天假be on leave 在度假;在假期中grant / give sb a leave准某人的假(此处冠词为特殊用法)48lift举起,.升高, 提高; [英]电梯;吊车1.免费搭乘,搭便车He gave me a lift to the station in his car.他让我搭他的汽车去火车站。2.窃取(尤指小件物品);抄袭,从已揭晓的工具上照抄.剽取(看法.文章等)He was caught lifting make-up in the supermarket.Many of his ideas were lifted from other authors.他的许多看法都是从其他作家那里剽窃来的。

49line绳;线,门路,线路; 排,列(n);(使)排列,排队(v)1. 运输公司an airline航空公司a shipping line 海运公司(pl) 台词spend the weekend learning her lines.使用周末熟记她的台词短信;便条I'll drop you a line.我会留个便条给你50lesson作业, (一节)课, [pl.]课程教训teach sb.a lesson给某人以教训earn one's lesson获得教训be a lesson to对...是一个教训51live生活, 居住,实况地, 实况转播的,adj.活的live animals.在世的动物live shrimps活虾live 表此意仅用于修饰动物.家禽.鱼等。live broadcast 现场直播52major较大的,主要的,重要的[美口]主修, 专攻He majors in physics.他主修物理。专业学生He is a history major.他是主修历史的学生大学主修科目53manner态度, 举方法; 方式;样子;(艺术.文学的)气势派头, 手法[pl.]礼貌, 规则It’s good manners to do sth干…有礼It’s bad manners to do sth.干…没礼Mind your manners.注意礼貌。

54mass块;团;堆大多数, 大量1.群众the masses群众, 民众2.群众的, 大规模的mass education公共教育;mass production.大规模生产增补:a mass of = masses of)许多/大量…55match角逐 ,洋火1. 匹配.匹敌(vi / vt)The color of the shirt does not match that of the coat.衬衫的颜色与上衣不相配。The curtains do not match with the decoration.窗帘与室内装璜不相配。I'm ready to match my strength with [against] yours.我准备和你较量较量。These two are well matched in strength.他们俩势均力敌。

2.对手; 相似的人[物], 相配的人[物]You are no match for him.你不是他的对手。find [meet] one's match 遇到对手, 棋逢对手best match最佳匹配The blue shirt and gray tie are a good match.蓝衬衫与灰领带很谐调。增补:strike a match 划一根洋火56matter事件, 问题1.物质(不行数)Matter exists in three states: solid, liquid and gas.物质以三种状态存在: 固态.液态和气态。2.[pl.]事态,情况That’s how matters stand.现在情况就是这样。

3.有问题的,有毛病的(与the 连用)I have no idea what is the matter.There is nothing the matter with it.(the matter = wrong)4.有关系, 有重要性,要紧(vi)What matters most is that you should have confidence in yourself.增补: as a matter of fact ; a matter of time57mean意思是.意味着; 意欲/想要;意指吝啬的;小气的;鄙俚的be mean with money花钱小气be mean about/ over在…方面很小气a mean motive.鄙俚的念头(因能力.运气等)注定I believe he is meant to be a soldier.我相信他天生是要当武士的。用意(v)He means ill /well to me.他对我怀有美意/ 恶意.关系重大;重要My friends mean a lot to me.我的朋侪对我来说很是重要。方法.手段(means,单复数同形)Every means has been tried,All means have been tried.by means of ….; by this / these means1.be meant to必须;得要You are meant to leave a tip.你得留下小费。2.by all means固然;固然可以3.by no means并没有;绝不:By no means should this remark be taken lightly.这次讲话绝不能轻易视之58measure尺寸, 量度的单元; 量具;量器;丈量,1. 措施;措施They took strong measures against dangerous drivers.他们对危害民众的司机接纳强硬的措施。

take measures to do sth / about sth2.斟酌, 权衡She works hard and doesn't measure the cost to her health.她事情勤恳并不思量身体价格。He measures his words with caution.他仔细斟酌着字The room measures five metres across.这房间有五米宽。

be measured in feet用英尺量make sth to one’s own measure59monitor班长监听器, 监视器,监控器; 〈计〉显示器air monitor空气监测器监控(v)monitor an examination监考monitor the enemy's radio broadcasts监听敌方的电台广播60must必须肯定必须的工具;必须做的事warm clothes are a must in the mountains.住山里必须备有厚衣服。61nail指甲, 钉,钉子vt.钉, 将...钉牢He nailed the picture to the wall.把画钉在墙上。62narrow狭窄的;狭隘的vi变窄vt.使变狭窄, 使缩小委曲的;险胜的a narrow victory 险胜a narrow escape 死里逃生/荣幸逃脱63nature自然,自然界天性, 天性; 特性good nature美意肠, 温和的性格, 好脾气human nature人性64note条记;记载注释;短笺;便条;纸币;钞票;音调;音符口吻;调子记下The pupil noted what the teacher said.学生记下了老师的话。

注意(到)Please note that this bill must be paid within 10 days.请注意这张账单必须在10天之内付清。名誉, 显要a man of note有名誉的人, 名人增补:noted adj.著名的compare notes交流意见;对条记;交流履历;交流意见of note著名的;重要的65object物体, 目的, 宾语,工具阻挡(与to连用)strongly object to developing private cars.强烈阻挡生长私人小汽车。

object to the proposal.阻挡这个提议。The general public objects to the use of drugs.公共阻挡使用毒品。66operate动手术, 开刀(operate on sb/ sth)操作operate a computer / machine(机械)事情.运转The lift doesn’t operate properly.67order下令; 付托;序次;秩序;整齐,有条不紊定购;预定order sth by mail order books by telephoneYou'd better order a taxi.你最好还是去预定一辆出租汽车。

点(菜);叫(菜)正常(事情)状态,What drinks shall we order?我们叫什么饮料?The telephone's out of order.电话机坏了。in (good) order68owe欠, 欠债1.感恩;感谢We owe our parents a lot.我们十分感谢怙恃。

I owe you for your help.我谢谢你的资助。2.(常与to连用)归功于She owes her success to good luck.她把乐成归功于幸运。The young writer owed his success to his teacher's encouragement.年轻作家把自己的乐成归于他老师的勉励。

The food cost £4 , but I only paid £3 so I still owe£1.食品要4英镑,可我只付了3英镑,因此我还欠1英镑。I owe you an apology.我该向你致歉。

owe sb. some money69park(演讲.文章.音乐等的)一节,一段1.停放(车辆);停车Please park your car in the parking lot and hike in."请把车停在外面停车场,步行进去。"No permission to park!禁绝停车!No parking here.此处克制停车。

2.停车场car park停(汽)车处3.区,地域industrial park工业区(一般在郊区)70passage(演讲.文章.音乐等的)一节,一段1.通行;通过The wooden bridge is not strong enough to allow the passage of lorries.这座木桥不够结实,载重货车不能通行。2.(狭窄的)通道;走廊wait in the passage 在走廊期待air passage气路, 空气道71perform演出;演(剧)推行, 执行,完成perform one's duties/promise/contract推行职责/信誉/条约perform a task 完成/执行一项任务体现He performs well.他体现很好。72picnic(自带食品的)野餐,远足去远足, 去野餐My family often picnicked in the woods last year.(注意picnic的已往式与已往分词以及现在分词的组成:picnicked/ picnicking)。